Oral and maxillofacial surgery:
Oral and maxillofacial surgery covers many procedures that enhance healing and others related to facial cosmetic surgery.
Oral and maxillofacial surgery is a specialty that focuses on reconstructive surgery of the face or facial trauma surgery applied to the oral cavity, head, and neck, mouth, or jaws.
The maxillofacial surgeon conducts several surgeries, including:
Wisdom teeth extraction:
Wisdom teeth are the final set of molars that most people get in their late teens or early twenties. They are the last set of teeth to erupt. When there is enough space for them to erupt healthily and be properly aligned, they can be a valuable asset to the mouth, but they are often misaligned and require removal.
When is wisdom teeth extraction is needed?
When partially erupted or misaligned, Wisdom teeth are also more prone to tooth decay and gum disease because their brushing and flossing are difficult.
Partial eruption of the wisdom teeth allows bacteria to enter around the tooth and cause an infection, which results in pain, swelling, jaw stiffness and might lead to general illness.
When wisdom teeth are misaligned, they can crowd or damage adjacent teeth, the jawbone, or nerves.
In other cases, wisdom teeth can be impacted or only partially erupt through the gum.
Root apex resection:
What is root apex resection
Root apex resection is a procedure consisting of cutting off the tooth root’s apex and cleaning the surrounding bone from all lesions and inflammations.
When is it performed?
It is performed when there is no possibility of re-treating the canal or the periapical changes do not undergo such treatment.
How is it performed
The surgeon opens soft tissues around the root, removes the infected tissue, including the tip of the root. The end of the root canal or the duct is filled with a special cement to seal it.
The procedure is performed under local anesthesia.
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